A noter enfin la présence toujours radieuse de Joan Bennett future égérie de Fritz Lang et la parfaite restauration de l'image proposée pour la sortie de ce DVD qui contribue à la conservation du patrimoine hollywoodien. Another theory states the prisoner was a valet that somehow was in knowledge of secrets of the state. Another candidate, much favoured in the 1800s, was Fouquet’s fellow prisoner Count Ercole Antonio Mattioli (or Matthioli). Other popular suspects have included men known to have been held at Pignerol at the same time as Dauger. One of Charles’s confirmed illegitimate sons has also been proposed as the man in the mask. unlikely if one considers the talk of Vendôme’s head being carried on a pike through Constantinople. Historian Jean-Christian Petitfils suggest there might have been a prisoner, but the story of the mask and importance of the prisoner was just a tale to keep the guards motivated. Saint-Mars describes Dauger in his letters to Louvois as a quiet man, giving no trouble, “disposed to the will of God and to the king“, compared to his other prisoners, who were either always complaining, constantly trying to escape, or simply mad. In his letter to Saint-Mars announcing the imminent arrival of the prisoner who would become the “man in the iron mask,” Louvois gave his name as “Eustache Dauger” and historians have found evidence that a Eustache Dauger was living at the time and was involved in shady and embarrassing events involving people in high places known as l’Affaire des Poisons. The French took possession of Casale two years later. Richelieu would have most likely lost his job and life, Anne would have been removed from any influence, and Louis XIII was quite opposed to his brother. Enfin, au cours de l’année 1698, notre prisonnier et Saint-Mars arrivent à la Bastille ou le Masque de fer meurt le 19 novembre 1703. As Fouquet hears of this, he isn’t too happy and wants no part in such treachery, so he rushes to the Bastille and frees Louis to exchange him with Philippe. One possible candidate argued to have been the masked man was François de Vendôme, he died at Siege of Candia in 1669, yet some claimed he was actually arrested and locked away, the reason for it being that Vendôme was the actual father of Louis XIV…. As we know, Louis XIV had a brother with the name Philippe, who was born in 1640, two years after Louis himself. We all know the story of the mysterious prisoner in the iron mask Alexandre Dumas tells us in his 1847 roman The Vicomte of Bragelonne and that has been put on the screen in various forms with various alterations ever since. The two men claimed that they had been provoked by the boy who was drunk, but the fact that the killing took place near a castle where the King was staying meant that this was not a good enough explanation and, as a result, Dauger was forced to resign his commission. Let us summarise, thus far we have a man in one of the most infamous prisons of the time, ordered to wear a mask of black velvet, ordered not to speak unless necessary, threatened to be killed if he should do otherwise, but he was not always isolated from the other prisoners. L’Homme au masque de fer (The Man in the Iron Mask) est un film de cape et d'épée américano-britannique écrit et réalisé par Randall Wallace, sorti en 1998 Synopsis. Ashe Theme by Royal-Flush - 2020 ©. This theory was first mentioned by Hugh Cecil, 1st Baron Quickswood (1869-1956), with the note that this idea has no historical basis and is hypothetical. Produite en 1985 par le studio Burbank Films Australia pour la vidéo, il bénéficie d'une animation correcte au design soigné. Titillating tidbits from the court of the Sun King. Livraison à votre domicile, avec suivi de votre livraison, remis en main propre Des couloirs fastueux du Louvre, au quartier de Saint-Paul, Ralph dénoue les fils royaux d'une énigme qui pourrait renverser le trône. Dauger was apparently arrested by Captain Alexandre de Vauroy, garrison commander of Dunkirk, and taken to Pignerol, where he arrived in late August, yet there is evidence that actually suggests the arrest took place in Calais, while not even the local governor was informed of the event. A milles lieues des autres adaptations du roman d'Alexandre Dumas, voici "L'Homme au masque de fer" version cartoon. L’ombre de Dumas plane largement sur le roman. Jean Tulard qui laisse sans doute parler son tempérament d'historien est assez sévère avec le film dans son "Guide des films", reprochant à Whale d'avoir trahi tout à la fois l'histoire et Dumas. Are there any Fora where the various theories are publicly discussed ? There are 0 reviews and 0 ratings from the United States. It might have been a man of common birth with an odd resemblance to the King that tried to act as an imposer. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. L’Homme au masque de fer. Apparently an inventory of St. Mars has recently been discovered – what if anything does this add to our knowledge ? Louis is brought back to Vaux, Aramis and Porthos flee, and d’Artagnan assists in ending Philippe’s brief reign. Morelhie, however died already in 1680 and his father-in-law was also not present at the autopsy. Records indicate that he was born on 30 August 1637, the son of François Dauger, a captain in Cardinal Richelieu’s guards. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. Le scénario est très librement inspiré du "Vicomte de Bragelonne" d'Alexandre Dumas qui s'était lui-même nourri de la théorie de Voltaire selon laquelle le roi Louis XIV aurait eu un jumeau écarté dès sa naissance par Mazarin pour éviter les embarras de succession. The fact that the person called Dauger acted as valet to the disgraced Fouquet, makes it unlikely for him to have been of Royal Blood, as some have claimed during the centuries. Livré entre le 20/11 et le 23/11, Livraison Recommandée : Saint-Mars was furthermore ordered to see this mysterious prisoner only once a day in order to provide him with food and whatever else was needed, while Dauger himself was ordered not to speak of anything other than his immediate needs or he will be killed on the spot. Élisabeth states the prisoner was very devout, well treated, received everything he desired and had “two musketeers at his side to kill him if he removed his mask.“. Des couloirs fastueux du Louvre, au quartier de Saint-Paul, Ralph dénoue les fils royaux d'une énigme qui pourrait renverser le trône. He was placed in a solitary cell in the Bertaudière tower and the prison’s second-in-command, de Rosarges, was to feed him. Eustache Dauger de Cavoye Our payment security system encrypts your information during transmission. His life is well documented and he might have worn masks from time to time, yet never one made of iron, nor was he ever imprisoned. Allrights reserved. 0€99 This theory would explain both the secrecy surrounding the prisoner, whose true identity would have destroyed the legitimacy of Louis XIV had it been revealed, and also – because of the King’s respect for his own father – his comfortable imprisonment and why he was not simply killed. Other Possibilities The King’s Brother Please try again. Son corps sera mis en terre au cimetière de Saint-Paul. The reason for it is simple: Lauzun was expected to be released at some point in the future, while it was unlikely for Fouquet ever to be released, thus whatever might be said by Dauger to Fouquet would never leave the walls of Pignerol, while Lauzun, when released, might speak of Dauger’s existence. Only few were in the know of his existence, his father Louis XIII and his mother Anne d’Autriche, by whose orders the boy was imprisoned, and the Duchesse de Chevreuse, the latter makes the plot known to Musketeer Aramis, her former lover, who in turn plots to have the King replaced with his twin brother as puppet-ruler for himself and Fouquet. Your email address will not be published. Unable to add item to List. Mais dévoiler un secret a toujours un prix... Après Alexandre Dumas et son "Vicomte de Bragelonne", Paul Doherty s'attaque au mystère du Masque de Fer, qui trois siècles plus tard, nourrit encore les imaginations. Avec "L'homme au masque de fer" produit par Edward Small, la tentative est claire de s'arrimer au succès des films de la Warner où un Errol Flynn virevoltant fait alors fureur sous la baguette du grand Michael Curtiz. A Son Of Charles II In fact, as possible brother to the King, protocol would forbid Dauger to even reach for something himself. Hugh Ross Williamson, author of “Who was the Man in the Iron Mask?”, also argues the man in the iron mask was actually the father of Louis XIV and not a brother. At this point the first rumours suggesting the prisoner might be not so much of an valet but more of an Marshal of France began to circulate. … This letter informs Saint-Mars of the expected arrival of a prisoner of the name Eustache Dauger and orders him to prepare a cell with multiple doors, one closing upon the other, to prevent anyone from the outside to overhear a word spoken inside. The Valet La Riviere died in May 1687 and Saint-Mars and Dauger moved once again, this time to Sainte-Marguerite, one of the Lérins Islands, close to Cannes, where Dauger was again placed in a cell with multiple doors. Government Minister Three years later parts were of it were decoded and a reference to Vivien de Bulonde and a crime committed by him found. Dauger died on 19 November 1703 and was swiftly buried the next day under the name of Marchioly. 17th century beauty standards, or what was sexy at the court of Louis XIV…. Sa mission : découvrir l'identité de l'homme au masque de fer, mort depuis longtemps, en échange de sa liberté ! Lauzun, for example. Paris, 1698 Athos, Porthos et Aramis sont désormais à la retraite. Louvois gave his permission on the condition that Dauger was not to meet anyone else. "Traduit de l'anglais par Christiane Armandet et Nelly Markovic", ce roman reprend le thème du masque de fer de Dumas, mais est plaisant à lire, la conclusion est un tour littéraire classique, son atout est la qualité de l'écriture agréable, facile à lire sans tournure ancienne ni pseudo moderne. Traité et expédié en 24h depuis la France ! What Dumas wrote in the mid of the 19th century is actually partly based on a real person, a real masked prisoner, but his mask was not of iron, it was made of black velvet, and until this day nobody can quite say who he was. © partylike1660.com 2015-2020. Emprisonné depuis quelques années à la Bastille, le faussaire anglais Ralph Croft apprend qu'il a peut-être une chance d'échapper au pire... Sa mission : découvrir l'identité de l'homme au masque de fer, mort depuis longtemps, en échange de sa liberté ! Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 3, 2017. Mais quels intérêts sert-il ? Mais quels intérêts sert-il ? There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. Bazeries verified General Bulonde was disgraced and removed from command, so he reasoned 330 and 309 stood for masque and a full stop. Antoine Nompar de Caumont, Duc de Lauzun, was there since November 1671 for being engaged to the King’s cousin without his consent. Livraison à votre domicile, sans suivi de votre livraison His death is also recorded as happening in 1709, six years after that of the man in the mask. His Majesty desires that you immediately arrest General Bulonde and cause him to be conducted to the fortress of Pignerole, where he will be locked in a cell under guard at night, and permitted to walk the battlement during the day with a 330 309.“. Le chevalier de Mouhy dans son roman va transformer définitivement le masque de velours en "masque de fer". Arrivé de son Worcestershire natal en Angleterre pour diriger une pièce de théâtre à Broadway le réalisateur âgé de quarante ans est aspiré par Hollywood où il perce très rapidement à la Universal avec "Frankenstein" (1931) film séminal avec le "Dracula" (1931) de Tod Browning du genre horrifique qui fit la prospérité du studio au cours de la décennie qui s'ouvrait. It might make more sense than most of the other theories, but there is no known evidence that is incompatible with it. However, in 17th-century French avec un masque would mean “in a mask” and Bulonde’s arrest seems to have been no secret and was actually published in a newspaper at the time and he was released after just a few months. A French occupation would be unpopular, so discretion was essential, but Mattioli leaked the details to France’s Spanish enemies, after pocketing his commission once the sale had been concluded, and they made a bid of their own before the French forces could occupy the town. on pouvait s'attendre à beaucoup mieux de la part de l'auteur qui excelle dans le moyen-âge anglais. Livré entre le 20/11 et le 23/11, Livraison Suivie : Ceux du Régent, des Templiers ou de ses mystérieux acolytes, l'archiviste royal Maurepas et le capitaine d'Estivet, un ancien mousquetaire ? But in 1768, a writer named Saint-Foix claimed that another man was executed in his place and that Monmouth became the masked prisoner, it being in Louis XIV’s interests to assist a fellow Catholic like James who would not necessarily want to kill his own nephew. Le Masque de fer était un prisonnier français mort à la Bastille en 1703, et dont l'identité fait l'objet de nombreuses spéculations. In The Man of the Mask (1908), Arthur Barnes presents James de la Cloche, the alleged illegitimate son of the reluctant Protestant Charles II of England, who would have been his father’s secret intermediary with the Catholic court of France. At the point of his death, stories of the existence of this mysterious prisoner were already circulating. Like them he joined the army where he came under the command of Armand de Gramont, Comte de Guiche. Andrew Lang, in his The Valet’s Tragedy and Other Stories (1903), presented a theory that “Eustache Dauger” was a prison pseudonym of a man called “Martin,” valet of the Huguenot Roux de Marsilly. The “330” and “309” code-groups appeared only once in the correspondence, so it is impossible to confirm what they stand for. Carrière météorique que celle de James Whale. Louis XIV’s sister in law Élisabeth-Charlotte du Palatinat, second wife of his brother Philippe, even mentions Dauger in a letter to her aunt, the Electress of Hanover and at this time heiress presumptive to the Kingdom of Great Britain. We work hard to protect your security and privacy. His full name was Eustache Dauger de Cavoye. L’Homme au Masque de Fer, The Man in the Iron Mask / No Comments. In a letter sent by Louvois to Saint-Mars, shortly after Fouquet’s death while in prison, with Dauger acting as his valet, the minister adds a note in his own handwriting, asking how Dauger performed certain acts that Saint-Mars had mentioned in a previous now lost correspondence and “how he got the drugs necessary to do so“. Emprisonné depuis quelques années à la Bastille, le faussaire anglais Ralph Croft apprend qu'il a peut-être une chance d'échapper au pire... Sa mission : découvrir l'identité de l'homme au masque de fer, mort depuis longtemps, en échange de sa liberté ! ... De même, dans le roman, Philippe ne reste pas sur le trône de France et retourne en prison, tandis que Louis XIV récupère sa place sur le trône de France. When François and his two eldest sons were killed in battle, Eustache became the nominal head of the family. Des couloirs fastueux du Louvre, au quartier de Saint-Paul, Ralph dénoue les fils royaux d'une énigme qui pourrait renverser le trône. Titre L'homme au masque de fer (in Les crimes célèbres) Année de publication 1839-1840 Genre Histoire Collaborateur(s) Auguste Arnould Epoque du récit 1745-1840 Résumé Dans ce récit, Dumas étudie les textes qui ont été consacrés au thème de l'homme au masque de fer, du milieu du XVIIIème siècle jusqu'à la période contemporaine. Duke of Buckingham, or the Musketeer Officer Francois de Cavoye, who actually had a 1637 born son with the name Eustache Dauger. A milles lieues des autres adaptations du roman d'Alexandre Dumas, voici "L'Homme au masque de fer" version cartoon. The rebellion failed and Monmouth was executed in 1685. Mais quels intérêts sert-il ? Louis Hayward encore assez méconnu qui remplace Douglas Fairbanks Jr. se sort honorablement de ce double rôle semblant tout de même plus à l'aise dans la peau de Louis XIV que dans celle de Philippe. Le 17 avril 1687, une nouvelle prison accueille Eustache Danger dans l’île de Saint-Marguerite, près de la ville de Cannes. Aramis’ plans are great, he aims to become Pope, and with the help of Porthos manages to free Philippe and bring him to Vaux-le-Vicomte, where Fouquet hosts a splendid party for the King. Theories about the real identity of the man with the velvet mask are vast, so let us look at some and decide for yourself who might be behind the mask. Après avoir livré trois films de la même veine dont le somptueux "La fiancée de Frankenstein" (1935), Whale tombe progressivement dans l'oubli après l'échec de "The road back" (1937) inspiré d'un roman d'Erich Maria Remarque ("A l'Ouest rien de nouveau"). – (preferably in English). It was also claimed, among other things, that a black mass was enacted, and that a pig was baptised as “carp” in order to allow them to eat pork on Good Friday. Italian Diplomat La restauration globale est très satisfaisante malgré quelques défauts résiduels mais il s'agit d'un film de 1939 donc soyons tolérants. Therefore he might have agreed to such a scheme. However, evidence has emerged that Dauger de Cavoye actually died in the Prison Saint-Lazare, an asylum run by monks which many families used in order to imprison their “black sheep”. Content may not be reproduced or distributed without permission of the author(s). Required fields are marked *. Valet or Marshal, Dauger had prominent company at Pignerol, namely Nicolas Fouquet, Antoine Nompar de Caumont, and Ercole Antonio Mattioli. His furniture and clothing were destroyed afterwards, the walls of his cell scraped and whitewashed, everything of metal which the man had possessed, or used, melted down. This was the Duke of Monmouth. Today the Dumas-brother-of-the-King story is the best known, but already before Dumas wrote his novel, Voltaire claimed that the prisoner was a son of Anne d’Autriche and Cardinal de Mazarin, and therefore an illegitimate half-brother of King Louis XIV. Voir la suite, Livraison Normale : gratuit Another story claims Anne d’Autriche had an affair with George Villiers, 1. Richard Cromwell, son of Oliver Cromwell, who vanished from 1671 to 1680, was claimed to the be the masked man by some. After his master’s execution in 1669 the valet was taken to France, possibly by capture or subterfuge, and imprisoned because he might have known too much about his master’s affairs. Louis XIV could have imprisoned him because he knew too much about French affairs with England. In April 1659, Eustache and Guiche were invited to an Easter weekend party at the castle of Roissy-en-Brie along with many young prominent men of court, such as Philippe-Jules Mancini, the nephew of Cardinal Mazarin. Ceux du Régent, des Templiers ou de ses mystérieux acolytes, l'archiviste royal Maurepas et le capitaine d... Livraison à votre domicile, sans suivi de votre livraison, Livraison à votre domicile avec suivi de votre livraison, Livraison à votre domicile, avec suivi de votre livraison, remis en main propre, Conditions générales d'utilisation Fnac Pay&Go. Please try again. Nicolas Fouquet, former Superintendent of Finances, was in Pignerol since his arrest in 1661 and with no hope of ever being released. L'homme au masque de fer est l'un des prisonniers les plus fameux de l'histoire française. Curieusement, il a été produit un an avant "Les Trois Mousquetaires" version animée de ce même studio dont j'avais fait le commentaire il y a un certain temps alors qu'il est censé se passer des années après les aventures des quatre héros de Dumas. 3€99 The earliest surviving mention of the matter is from 1669 and in form of a letter sent to Bénigne Dauvergne de Saint-Mars, governor of the prison of Pignerol, by the Marquis de Louvois, Secretary of State for War under Louis XIV since 1666. It is also suggested the man was a son of Louis XIV and Louise de La Vallière, who dared to slap the Dauphin and was thus arrested and locked away.
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